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Italy has a proud history in winemaking, going back to the Etruscan and Greek settlers, who made wine there long before the Romans began developing their prolific vineyards. What makes the country’s wines so diverse and exciting are the extremes of climate and landscape from north to south and east to west. Consequently, within Italy's many regions there is truly a wine for every palate.

About Italy

Italy, country of south-central Europe, occupying a peninsula that juts deep into the Mediterranean Sea. Comprising some of the most varied and scenic landscapes on Earth, Italy is often described as a country shaped like a boot. At its broad top stand the Alps, which are among the world’s most rugged mountains. Italy’s highest points are along Monte Rosa, which peaks in Switzerland, and along Mont Blanc, which peaks in France.

The country’s main economic sectors are tourism, fashion, engineering, chemicals, motor vehicles and food. Italy's northern regions are per capita amongst the richest in Europe.
The centre of the vast Roman Empire which left a huge archaeological, cultural and literary heritage, the Italian peninsula saw the birth of medieval humanism and the Renaissance. This further helped to shape European political thought, philosophy and art via figures like Machiavelli, Dante, Leonardo da Vinci and Galileo.

The list of famous Italian artists is long and includes Giotto, Botticelli, Leonardo, Michelangelo, Tintoretto and Caravaggio. The country has also produced opera composers such as Verdi and Puccini and film-maker Federico Fellini.

Italy wine tradition

Italy is quite possibly the oldest wine-producing region in the world, and archaeologists have found evidence that Etruscans were making wine well over 2,000 years ago. Writers dating back to Petrarch and Dante have mentioned Chianti and Sangiovese, varietals that are still grown in the same regions today. Exploring Italy's wine country offers abundant pleasures for wine-lovers, including the opportunity to taste and learn about new wines and enjoy excellent vintages with Italy's finest food, as well as tour the beautiful Italian countryside.

Several factors have contributed to this success story, including the fact that Italy’s vine-growing conditions are so favorable. This is not surprising, considering the abundance of Mediterranean sunshine, moderated by cool, mountain air currents and sea breezes. There are also myriad terrains, from Italy’s lengthy coastlines to foothills with slopes ideal for growing grapes. The mountain ranges - such as the Italian Alps in the north and the Apennines running through the centre of the country - provide high altitudes for cool-climate viticulture and help moderate the high temperatures. Each zone also has its own macroclimate, resulting in significant variation in wine styles.

Wine regions

Italy´s myriad wine regions offer a challenge and deep satisfaction to wine lovers. The diversity of landscapes and grape varieties is out of this world, and as a result Italy produces the largest range of wine styles in Europe. Wine tasting in situ is the ultimate way to learn about wines, and there are few places more alluring than Italy!

Italy is one of the world’s largest producer and consumer of wine. Vines carpet all 20 of its regions, from the snow-covered peaks of the Alto Adige to Apulia, the forgotten toe of Italy, even offshore to the islands of Sicily and Sardinia. The statistics: 4,000 years of winemaking history, 20 wine regions, 96 provinces, 1,000-plus grape varieties, 4,200 or more wine styles and over two million wine producers. The most prominent name on the label could be a town, a grape variety or a producer.

The 3 best wine region in Italy:

    - Tuscany

    - Emilia-Romagna 

    - Veneto
Tuscany is in Central Italy, along the southern portion of the Apennine Mountain, a range than runs down the Italian peninsula. The region is famous for its Chianti and Sangiovese wines, as well as its Montepulicano and Brunello varietals. Siena, a beautiful medieval city on the edge of the Chianti foothills, is known as the gateway to Tuscan wine country and provides a good base to explore several vineyards. Tuscany's largest vineyards include Castello Banfi, Casa Vinicola L. Cecchi and Biondi-Santi, all of which are easily accessible through Siena.
Emilia-Romagna encompasses Emilia, the region west of Bologna in the Po River valley, and Romagna, which is in the Po delta. Perhaps the most highly-regarded wine from the area is Lambrusco, a light red that is often characterized as flavorful and zesty. The grapes for Lambrusco are grown on tall trellised vines on the hillsides of Modena and Reggio Emilia. The Cantine Romagnoli vineyard in Modena is a good place to start exploring the area's best wines. Bologna is the area's largest city, and two popular areas to stay include Rimini, a scenic resort town, and historic Ravenna. Both are on the Adriatic coast.

Veneto, located near Venice on the Adriatic Sea, is characterized by humid flatlands and is one of the most important wine-growing areas in Italy. Valpolicella, Bardalino and Soave come from Vento, and the Amarone della Valpolicella, grown near the hills of Verona, ranks among the best red wines in the world. The vineyards near the small town of Valdobbiadene are prized for making sparkling prosecco, Italy's answer to Champagne. Verona is home to prominent vineyards in Veneto, including Azienda Vinicola Fratelli Fabiano and Fratelli Bolla, and serves as a good base for visitors. Other popular places to stay are Treviso and Padua.